For our 300L still I will need 100-120 lbs of lavender. The lavender water that comes out with the oil is now referred to as Hydrosol. This makes it very well suited for getting started with making essential oils and hydrosols. Also the distiller has little control over the chemical processes inside the pot once distillation has started. The large-scale production described above always processes the entire panicles including the long stalks. To them, it is only important that they have a choice between two different scents. This difference is also noticeable in the price. Prior to setting up our still I will have cut the variety of lavender I am going to distill. lavandin is a cross between fine lavender and spike lavender. Yields depend on the variety. Even three drops of lavender oil on the pillow has a calming effect: you breathe more deeply, fall asleep more easily and feel fresher the next morning. In the Middle Ages, lavender was part of the pharmacopoeia and was used as a medicinal plant. Lavender essential oil distillation happens through a process called steam distillation or sometimes wet steam distillation. There are two reasons why the oil floats on the water. Please get in touch with our team of certified experts for more information. It is not only in France that lavender has always stood for cleanliness. The bud of the lavender not the actual flower is where most of the oil is held in lavender. An added advantage is that on a small scale it is easily possible to only use the blossoms. Sunny weather before the harvest is ideal, and the plant should be dried for at least a couple of days. When the oil and water come out of the condenser into the separatory funnel they separate. Ok I promise here is where it gets exciting. As soon as the container is filled with cut material, it is taken to the distillery, sealed with the respective lid, the steam- hose is attached underneath and the distillation begins. It is easily washed away with a little water. Have you ever steamed vegetables before? Just like steaming vegetables the whole point of the distilling process now is to boil water and turn the water in the bottom of our kettle from a liquid to a gas (steam)so it canrise and pass through our kettle that is now stuffed with lavender. The difference can be explained by the fact that the plant loses water when it is dried, hence less water is distilled, which makes the scent more concentrated. When the plant is fully flowered is when it has the most amount essential oil. This may seem straight forward but I address it because it is commonly misunderstood. Therefore, lavender oil is still a valuable raw material of the luxury perfume industry. After it cools down and turns back to liquid it drips out the end of the condenser into our separatory funnel. This is why I would argue distillation is more of a science. The species Lavandula Angustifolia sometimes referred to as English lavender is a low producer of oil. Now we have our kettle with our steam tray on the bottom and the pot filled with water to the top of our steam tray. If you would like to make lavender oils and lavender waters yourself at home with a still, then both the Essential Oil Still Leonardo Classic and the Essential Oil Still Grande are suitable for this. Lavandin oil is used, for example, for soap or fabric softener. Then its aromas are not as lively and pronounced, but rather more subtle and sweet. Lavender Hydrosol is created by collecting the water in the steam distillation process of Lavender flowers in making the essential oil.
Grosso is the smell most people recognize as lavender. This allows the steam to go from its gas state back to a liquid state. Normally, essential oils have to mature for some time in order to smell nice. You know that rotten egg or burnt match smell Yeah we dont like it either. Lavandin is now the most commonly cultivated form in France, and around 80% of the fields are lavandin. Next is where the lavender comes in. You can learn more about hydrosol here. A second tractor with a distillation container drives alongside the tractor with the cutting machine.
Additionally, the essential oil, like all oils, is hydrophobic. The hot water is replaced by cold water that enters the bottom of the condenser pot. All rights reserved. Since, strictly speaking, both lavandin and fine lavender smell different in every field, the individual batches are checked very carefully by experts and afterwards mixed in such a way that the same balanced scent results for both lavandin oil and lavender oil. English lavenders produce the most desirable essential oil. We cut out lavender short to avoid packing in too much stem . You can see the greenish teal marks on the side and bottom of my still. It doesnt evaporate as quickly and provides a certain depth. the green leaves and thin branches, to be distilled, or also a mixture of herbage and blossoms. Second is water is more dense not heavier than oil so the water sinks to the bottom. Either way the process is very similar.
We use it in our linen spray that we sell here on our farm. Once we have the pot filled up we put the lid of the kettle on and connect the swan neck from the pot to the condenser and turn the heat on under the kettle. In years with favorable weather, however, it is also possible for lavender oil to give off a very good scent immediately after distillation. The distillation of lavender at home is certainly one of the easiest, and it is also one of the most successful plants regarding the oil yield. Grosso which is the most common variety of lavender, is one of the highest oil producers. The English varieties have a much sweeter smell and are more desired in the aromatherapy arena. Lavandin is distilled immediately after the harvest. In 2015, the purchase price of lavandin oil for dealers in southern France was EUR 20/kg.
In this system, the container itself is also the kettle for the distillation. In terms of the yield of lavender oil, it is important for the lavender to have already withered, because only the dry seeds contain a lot of oil.
Hence, it is obvious that not every lavender oil that is offered is also made from the plant.
However, it doesnt smell as elegant as the fine lavender oil. 1998-2022 DFS Schmickl GesnbR. Did you know? Next, fill the kettle with water up to the steam tray line.
Which equipment is right for you depends on the amount of the plant available to you. 20-25 lbs of fresh lavender is anywhere from 6-12 full lavender plants depending on the variety, age, and health of the plant. It goes without saying that in each case the lavender oil will have a different scent if only the blossoms alone, the panicles with the stalks or the herbage are distilled. We also cut our lavender much later in the year when the lavender is overly ripe and fully flowered. Much like baking a beautiful cake, there is a tendency to look at the finished product and think about the beauty of the finished product and ignore the science behind what happened in the oven. Naturally, it is also possible for the herbage of the plant, i.e. 400 g) of blossoms, you obtain around 20 to 25 ml of essential oil. Basic equipment for distilling essential oils and hydrosols yourself. However, the amount of lavender essentail oil made worldwide falls far short of the amount of lavender oil sold. Thus knowing the science is half the battle! A scent in oil no one really cares for is sulfur. The condenser is filled with cool water to cool the pipe containing the steam. Fine lavender has always been considered to be the best. The species Lavandula X Intermedia, lavindins, produce the most oil. For our 300L still our steam stray sits about a 10 inches from the bottom of the still. First, the dipole-dipole bond between the water molecules is much stronger than any of the reactions happening between the oil and water so the oil will not pull the water bonds apart. Well if you have, chances are you can distill lavender to extract its essential oils. Lavandin oil contains more camphor and is very aromatic, so the scent is almost aggressive. In this regard, the condition of the plant before distillation also plays a role: if it was quite dried out before the harvest, then the lavender oil is very fatty, like linseed oil. It is ok to pack the still tight, dont worry about over stuffing the still. The older method of leaving the cut lavender to dry in the field for several days before distillation is actually only still used for fine lavender. So how do I distill lavender essential oil? As you can see in the image there is still a lot of room left in our kettle.
We get about 225-300 ml of oil per batch for Grosso from 20-25 lbs in a 60L still. All of the lavender will now sit on top of this steam tray, the tray will keep the lavender from touching the bottom of the pot and burning. Some varieties produce more than others but typically we get 30-120 ml depending on the variety of Angustifolias. If you put the correct amount of water in your still (not too much so you dont water down the hydrosol) you will get another desirable product, lavender hydrosol. Why do we use Copper for distilling? The smaller pot that the large kettle connects to is called the condenser. Zum kopieren alles markieren und CMD+C (Strg+C) drcken. So, here we go. This allows you to add the extra benefits of lavender in any spray you make. Hydrosol is used for removing makeup, body sprays, deodorants, linen sprays etc. The scent of the lavender oil is more elegant and richer from an olfactory perspective. However, prior drying is very important for the aroma, because it reduces the grass aromas and ensures that the coveted flowery aromas develop better. The water around the condenser coil heats up during this process so we have the hot water exit out of valve on the top of the condenser. 9020 Klagenfurt am Wrthersee / sterreich. Making Essential Oils classes and courses. So if you make your lavender oil yourself, you will know with certainty that your oil is also genuine and pure. The pipe coils very gradually down the condenser as you see above. In addition, lavandin has a higher yield, is more resilient and is better suited to large-scale cultivation in low-lying flatland. The resulting lavandin has three blossoms per stalk, while fine lavender only has one. First, take a pot or kettle and you put a steam tray an inch or two above the bottom of the kettle (depending on the size of the still this could be many inches on a larger still). If only the lavender blossoms are distilled without the stalk, the yield is much higher. The absolute classic, and probability also the most produced oil and hydrosol worldwide, is Lavender Essential Oil. For example, it is popular to harvest wild lavender after it has already lost its blossoms. The Grande is the right choice for more than five large lavender bushes. This method, however, is risky, because for example rain could destroy the entire harvest. Dont let this turn you off from Grosso oil however, many people still really enjoy Grossos scent because it is the most common scent of lavender. On the other hand, lavender essential oil smells sweeter and more balanced. The name comes from the Latin lavare, which means to wash. In any case, for perfumiers neither oil is worse than the other. Lavandin or fine lavender is normally harvested when the blossoms lose their color and become grey this is when the plant contains the most oil. Many people like the fresh note with lavender oil, while others prefer something heavier, intensive and more sensuous. The scent of the lavender oil is different depending on when the lavender or lavandin are harvested and whether it is dried before distillation. This allows the condenser to cool the steam gradually.
At this point it is probably becoming more clear why I compare distilling lavender essential oils to steaming vegetables. We pack the lavender in the kettle of the still on top of the steaming tray trying to avoid pockets of air between the lavender. A couple of notes We cut our lavender for distilling when the lavender buds have fully flowered which is when the lavender buds have the most oil. 3.5 liters (approx. Aside from the botanical classification of the types and subtypes of lavender, it is divided into three types in connection with the extraction and use of lavender essential oil: Since fine lavender only thrives at higher altitudes (1000 m in southern France), and agricultural exploitation with modern machines is very difficult due to the steep terrain, it was crossed with spike lavender, which grows well in low-lying fields. Hydrosols retain a soft muted scent of the plant, not like the essential oil. We cut the lavender with short stems to get as much of the lavender flower heads in the kettle as possible We distill all of our lavender in our 300 Liter or 60L copper still made by Copper Brothers. While there is some creativity involved in the process, distillation must fall within certain parameters to get an ideal product. However, it is still highly valued as a medicinal plant and therefore also highly sought after for aroma therapy. I often hear my fellow lavender farmers and distillers refer to essential oil distillation as an art. For our 60L still we sit our steam tray on 1 inch pieces of copper pipe. In a direct comparison, lavender oil distilled immediately after the harvest smells somewhat greener and fresher, while the other method produces lavender that is more floral and dominant with more coumarin and less camphor. Zion Hilliker is an award winning essential oil producer at B&B Family Lavender Farm and is an IPF certified natural essential oil producers that adheres to the New Luxury Code. Because this type is only available in small quantities and mainly always has to be painstakingly harvested by hand, it no longer plays a major role in the perfume industry. . We want to make sure the sulfur smell is taken out of the essential oils, because sulfur is in most plants in small amounts. This is very important for perfume production; otherwise if the recipe did not change the scent of the perfume would change from year to year. Lavender hydrosol is wonderful ingredient to use when making linen or body sprays, in place of distilled water. Lavandin oil is rich in linalool, the main aromatic substance in lavender oil. In our free Newsletter we regularly inform you about new features, recipes, and further developments. As Ron Burgundy would say, Its Science. However, Hydrosols still retain many of the therapeutic properties of the essential oil. Wild lavender also only grows at higher altitudes the higher it is, the more ester and linalyl acetate it contains. As the steam passes through the lavender the pressure inside the sealed kettle along with the high temperature of the steam causes the bud of the lavender (the calyx) to release its essential oils. We fill the lavender all the way to the top of the pot. They can be used as a face mist to refresh or tone the skin, Micellar Cleansing Water - All In One, 3 Sizes, L'Oreal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care 70ML, AUTHENTIC PRODUCTS | FREE DELIVERY FOR OVER 300,000LL| FREE CONSULTATION. Both substances have a calming effect and help people who have problems falling asleep. Fortunately for us Copper molecules have a +2 ionic charge and Sulfate molecules have a -2 ionic charge, so the two elements really like each other and make a beautiful teal green powder called copper sulfate. Camphor is the same scent you find in vicks vapor rub. By distilling approx. Lavandins have more camphor in their oil. The condenser is where the the pipe holding the steam which contains the water and oil travels to cool off. For a 60L still I will need about 20-25 lbs of freshly cut lavender. As most people know oil and water dont mix,so this is nothing special, but what I often hear is oil floats on water because water is heavier,This is false. We use copper because it allows us to give you a freshly distilled superior smelling oil. Hydrosols can be used alone as well. In contrast, fine lavender oil cost around EUR 150/kg. It goes without saying that lavender oil will also be made as part of our Making Essential Oils classes and courses. The oil also helps with minor burns and insect bites.