Congressmen, received hate mail, death threats and mutilated animals on their doorsteps. Which position do you take? Khomeini tried to get other countries to overthrow their secular governments. Explain why voting is necessary to maintain constitutional democracy and American democratic ideals. a classified study of the Vietnam War that was carried out by the Department of Defense. In 1980, the first crack in the Iron Curtain occurred in Poland. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara , revealed among other things that the government had drawn up plans for entering the war even as President Johnson promised that he would not send American troops to Viet. It was a British colony known as the Gold Coast and the first in Africa to gain its independence in 1957. He helped forced the shah out of Iran in 1979 and then banned Western influences. In which French sugar colony did black slaves, inspired by the ideals of the revolution in France, revolt against their plantation owners? The USSR was losing the war in Afghanistan, there was a very poor attitude to work, and the economy was failing. Not only this, but they were led by the opposing Muslim group, the Sunni. The guards threw down their weapons and joined the crowds. It was never ratified by the US congress due to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. He succeeded Mohandas K.Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. Who does Constitution give right to declare war? Many Iranians opposed; protests eventually caused him to flee the country in 1979. Evaluate the Role and Analyze Historical Examples Evaluate the role of third parties in the United States and analyze historical examples of citizen movements to bring about political change or to maintain continuity. The Supreme Court unanimously rejected the claim of executive privilege and ordered the president to turn over the tapes. the president has some form of executive privelage but it is not unlimited. Alongside this, the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks began - reducing mid-range nuclear weapons. Millions of Iranians and Iraqis were killed.  While 26 US soldiers were initially charged with criminal offenses for their actions at My Lai, only William Calley was convicted. His change in diet from healthy food to Twinkies and other sugary food was said to be a symptom of depression. His rule is characterized by corruption. This agreement limited the number of missiles in each nation and led to the SALT II discussions and a slowdown of the arms race between the two countries. In response, President Richard Nixon ordered some members of his staff, afterward called the "plumbers," to stop such "leaks" of information. Insects, birds, fish and other animals were being killed by the buildup of pesticides in the environment, harmful to humans too. A Jewish state on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, both in antiquity and again founded in 1948 after centuries of Jewish Diaspora. movement begun in the early 80s among religious conservatives that supported primarily conservative republicans opposed to abortion, communism, and liberalism. It pitted incumbent President Gerald Ford, the Republican candidate, against the relatively unknown former governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter, the Democratic candidate. This isolated Egypt from the other Arab countries and led to Sadat's assassination in 1981. Reagan also sabotaged the planned Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (STRART 2). A group of intelligence officials who worked for the committee to reelect Richard Nixon in 1972; the job of this group was to stop leaks of information and perform "dirty tricks" on political opponents of the president. This is an example of which Air Force Core Value. The election in which George Bush (R) defeats Michael Dukakis (D), Bush was Reagans former vice president of the United States, strategic defense initiative was a missile defense program Reagan proposed to protect the US from enemy nuclear missiles. Consider presenting your findings either on a blog or in front of the class. Why was the calendar important for the Maya religion? Limited Anti-Ballistic Missiles to two major departments and 200 missiles. An agreement signed in 1979 by U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev after the second round of Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT II), held from 1972-79. In June 1989, free-elections were held in Poland and the non-communist party Solidarity won almost all of the seats, with Lech Walesa becoming president. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Ed. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964). Who was the Czech Communist leader that loosened controls on censorship to offer his country socialism with "a human face?". Worked with Carl Bernstein on Watergate.
Which group later investigated the political ideology and actions of many people associated with this film? Strategic Arms Limitations Talks by Nixon and Brezhnev in Moscow in May, 1972. Lowered the voting age to 18 thereby allowing a greater percentage of U.S. citizens to participate in the process of government. Both gave money and weapons. The USSR claimed they had been asked to 'restore order'. He hated Communism, having thought that the dtente had made America go soft on the Soviets. Treaty signed in 1972 between the U.S. and the USSR. "My Struggle "- a book written by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in 1923-1924, in the which he set forth his beliefs and his goals for Germany. This wall was both a deterrent to individuals trying to escape and a symbol of repression to the free world, Soviet leader who ruled between 1985 and 1991, whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931), Indian statesman. The Soviets followed in 1953. Leader of the religious opposition of the shah of Iran. attempted to get anti-war senators to present the papers on the Senate floor, and the Times published the first of nine excerpts and commentaries on the papers on June 13, 1971. was charged under the Espionage Act of 1917, earning him 115 years, but due to governmental misconduct, his charges were all dismissed on May 11, 1973.
There were food shortages, poor housing and poor standards of living. Gorbachev hoped that these reforms would 'save' the USSR and keep the Communist Party in power. The U.S. supreme Court ruled that there is a fundamental right to privacy, which includes a woman's decision to have an abortion. The House Un-American Activities Committee, The rapid influx of immigrants made it difficult for local governments to provide basic. Signed peace treaty with Anwar Sadat in 1979. A second treaty was signed on June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. because it was getting too competitive. A system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and minority rule by whites was maintained, University students in China protested, wanting freedom of speech and a greater say in govt. Mondale chose Geraldine Ferraro as his vice pres, She was the first wonam canidate. An Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Who is Ernie? Seemingly contained, after the election Nixon was impeached and stepped down. People now had incentive to live and work better, and the standard of living slowly rose. (1975) 35 nations agreed that Europe's existing political frontiers could not be changed by force.
Up until the third trimester the state allows abortion. Nine million Poles joined the union. Meanwhile, the USSR was hugely in debt to the West, with the country not being able to afford the arms race; the war in Afghanistan costing 25% of the Soviet National income. Reagan ran for re- elction against demcrat Walter Mondale. He actively began a new Cold War, doubling US defense spending, deploying Cruise Missiles in Europe, and developing the neutron bomb and new MX 'Peacekeeper' missiles which were much more accurate than existing ICBMs. A lessening of tensions between U.S. and Soviet Union. How do you make your case? President Richard Nixon's program to turn over part of the federal government's power to state and local governments, the distribution of federal money to state and local governments with few or no restrictions on how it is spent, a welfare-reform proposal, approved by the House of Representatives in 1970 but defeated in the Senate, that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and to accept work, President Nixon's attempt to attract the support of Southern conservative Democrats who were unhappy with federal desegregation policies and the liberal Supreme Court. He was the first president elected from the Deep South since Zachary Taylor in 1848, Reagan wins with his "Reaganomics" program of reducing taxes and spending - "supply-side" and "trickle-down" economics against Jimmy Carter. In August 1991, a coup was attempted to overthrow Gorbachev. Realizing how much the USSR spent on it's armed forces, Gorbachev decreased the Red Army and withdrew troops from Afghanistan in 1989. He was general and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. It also administers policies dearling w/ toxic wastes. Meanwhile, the USA was in a period of 'stagflation' (rising prices and economic recession), whilst losing the Vietnam War. They were involved in the infamous Watergate cover-up. Which is a procedure that enabled voters to reject a measure adopted by the legislature? different? While under the employment of the RAND corporation, copied many classified documents, which became known as the "Pentagon Papers". they learned that their community sat atop a decades old toxic waste dump where the hazardous waste had spread through the ground. He instituted brutal measures to achieve Communist control of China, including the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. In what ways were the lives of a noblewoman and a peasant woman the same? His revelations in 1973 that he was being paid to keep quiet began the unraveling of the Watergate cover-up. Symbol of solidarity in the US with Iranian hostages. Passed by congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a sixty day period in peactime( which can be extended for an extra thrity days to permit withdrawls) unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a loner period. In 1979, the US-backed Shah of Iran was overthrown by strongly anti-American and anti-communist forces. (1978) were negotiated at the presidential retreat of Camp David by Egypt's Anwar Sadat and Israel Menachem Begin; they were brokered by U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Write a paragraph describing the relationship between the sultan and the grand vizier. White House plumber who organized the break-in during the Watergate Scandal, "Plumber" hired by Nixon's administration to stop government leaks, Used funds from RP to get people to shut up, Planting evidence on people tp get them on the enemy list of Nixon. Besides disarming missiles to insure a lasting peace between superpowers, Nixon pressed for trade relations and a limited military budget. 1979, Second Strategic Arms Limitations Talks. Gorbachev began with initiating meetings with US President Ronald Regan to discuss arms limitation. A group of student protesters were confronted by city and state police. Cold war competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces and weapons, SALT Treaty (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks).
The 1979 SALT 2 treaty proposed to cover long-range nuclear missiles. He participated in the cover-up and served nineteen months in prison for his role. What is a major result of the campaign described by Martin Luther King, Jr.? As discussed in the text and in lecture, even when there is a group of people who share policy goals, it is possible that there is no interest group representing them. He made the country's law Islamic law. In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the USSR. How was Latin American culture influenced by European art?
In February 1990, the Baltic state of Lithuania declared independence; a half hearted attempt by the Red Army in January 1991 to quell the revolution there failed. Impact California Social Studies World History, Culture, and Geography The Modern World, Modern World History: Patterns of Interaction, Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck, Akira Iriye, Laurel Carrington, Mattie P. Collins, Peter Stearns, Rudy J. Martinez. What is one contribution to the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment? Meanwhile, the development and deployment of new nuclear weapons continued.
In May 1989, Hungarians began dismantling the barbed wire fence between Hungary and non-communist Austria. Both the USA and USSR were unsure at the time of how the other would act. Not passed by the Senate as retaliation for U.S.S.R.'s invasion of Afghanistan, and later superseded by the START treaty. Nixon's first attorney general and his close friend and adviser; many people believe he ordered the Watergate break-in. Imagine that you are an adviser to President Truman. What impact did the increased use of the automobile have on average people? China's leader ordered military to slaughter students. fought for human rights in Africa, Panama Canal returned to Panama, relations with China resolved, (1978) a peace agreement mediated by U.S. President Carter between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. How has Hinduism influenced social structure in India? American scientist in 1962 who argues that the use of pesticides was having deadly, unforeseen results. How has the English language been influenced by Latin? opening of diplomatic relations with China, One action that influenced the U.S.-Soviet signing of the SALT I treaty in 1972 was President Richard Nixon's. This usually occurs because. May 1970, National guardsmen shot into a crowd of student protestors killing four and wounding nine. These regions were important to the USSR's agricultural and industrial output, and Gorbachev did not want to lose them. On April 25, 1975, South Vietnam was taken over by North Vietnam, in violation of the treaty. Nominated by Reagan in an attempt to push the Supreme Court in a more conservative direction. They led to a peace treaty the next year that returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, guaranteed Israeli access to the Red Sea and Suez Canal, and more-or-less normalized diplomatic and economic relations between the two countries. Christian missionaries encounter considerable resistance in the Americas. Write a paragraph evaluating how The Free Soil Party brought about political change. The amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job. Nixon is reelected in one of the largest landslides in American political history, taking more than 60 percent of the vote and crushing the Democratic nominee, Sen. George McGovern of South Dakota. This scandal revealed several other dirty plays Nixon's administration did the years leading up to the election and forced him to resign and killed the faith the public had in the government. Consider the following questions: What is a singleissue party?
The area had been home of the Palestinians and has been a major source of conflict in the region. The coup was a failure. Who was Richard Nixon running against in the election of 1972? The Iranian hostage crisis weaked the Carter presidency; the hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan became president. Under his leadership they became much more militant and waged a war of attrition against Israel, engaging in guerilla and artillery attacks. Why might location have been important to the power and wealth of the Mississippian culture? On the 3rd of October 1990, Germany became a united country, once again. Instead of going to the movies that night, a cadet decided to go to a community service event.
The "plumbers," among other activities, broke into the office of Ellsberg's psychiatrist, looking for damaging information on him. In August 1975, the Helsinki Agreement was signed by 35 countries (including the USSR and USA). in 1983 the families sued the company for $20 million. How did press coverage of events during the Vietnam War affect the United States? The United States is the world's oldest constitutional democracy. Gave rise to a new field of science called ecology. They were 2 Washington Post reporters followed clues furnished by a secret informant Deep Throat and wrote a succession of front page stories tying the break-in to illegal contributions and dirty tricks by CREEP. Explain the blitzkrieg tactics used by Hitler. Do single-issue parties such as The Free Soil party have a large or a small impact in American politics? The public did not approve. How does the Legislative Branch check the Judicial? What has happened following the end of colonial rule in many parts of the world? In October 1989, mass demonstrations were held in East German cities when Gorbachev visited. The White House Office staff must be approved by the Senate. The term used for the tape that proved beyond a doubt that Nixon was involved in Watergate and the cover up. A policy in educational admissions or job hiring that gives special attention or compensatory treatment to traditionally disadvantaged groups in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination. The boycotts of the 1980s Moscow and 1984 Los Angeles Olympics came as a result of actions in Afghanistan. The main cause of the protest was the Vietnam War and the invasion of Cambodia, The Jackson State killings occurred on Thursday/Friday May 14-15, 1970, at Jackson State College (now Jackson State University) in Jackson, Mississippi. an American jurist who was the first female member of the Supreme Court of the United States. A pact that served to freeze the numbers of long-range nuclear missiles for five years in 1972. He was the first President of the Russian Federation. He was the first popularly elected president of Russia. also solemnly accepted numerous provisions guaranteeing the human rights and political freedoms of their citizens. In 1979, Iranian fundamentalists seized the American embassy in Tehran and held fifty-three American diplomats hostage for over a year. (1972)Nixon re-election campaign strategy designed to appeal to conservative whites in the historically Democratic south. A law providing for the distribution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending on almost any government purpose. In Nicaragua, El Salvador and Angola, Civil Wars were taking place as Communist rebels tried to take power, leading the USA to fund their government's efforts to stay in power. Weeks of unrest led the East German government to allow citizens to visit West Berlin and move around Germany more freely. USSR for invading Afghanistan and boycotting the Moscow Olympics. However,research shows that American citizens vote less often than citizens of other nations. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded in May 1964 as a body to represent the Palestinian people with the goal of expelling the Zionists and retaking Palestine. Gorbachev tried to reform and improve Russia by: The USSR desperately needed to restructure their economy, as people were discontented with their lives, and good were not being produced to a high standard. Write a paragraph that explains how the struggle for civil rights in U.S. history has been tied to the law and to attempts to change the law. which failed, causing radiation to be admitted in the air; symbolized dangers of nuclear energy. (1010), Nixon's Republican programs designed to reduce the size of the federal government; it's a revenue-sharing program; included giving block grants to states (letting them decide how to spend the $), vice president, 1969-1973, a vocal critic of antiwar and civil rights opponents of the Nixon administration; he resigned the vice presidency in 1973 when it was discovered he has accepted bribes as governor of maryland and as vice president. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Yeltsin planned to transform Russia's economy into a free market economy, which Russia was not ready for. He was the judge of the Watergate break-in case and later demanded Nixon's tapes during the whole fiasco. Instead the unleased a flood of unrest and change in eastern Europe. Reagan won 59% of popular vote. One of their neighbors, Iraq, had a secular government. This embargo signaled the end of the era of cheap and abundant fuel. A second treaty was signed on June 18, 1977 to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. because it was getting too competitive. was the mass murder of 347 to 504 unarmed citizens in South Vietnam, all of whom were civilians and some of whom were women, children, and elderly people conducted by U.S. Army forces on March 16, 1968.; Many of the victims were sexually abused, beaten, tortured, maimed, or even killed, and some of the bodies were found mutilated. Destribution was intended to send more money to poorer, heavily taxed states and less to richer ones. East Germans marched in their thousands to checkpoints at the Wall. On June 3rd and 4th, the Red Army imposed martial law and crushed China's democracy movement. Three U.S. servicemen who made an effort to halt the massacre and protect the wounded were denounced by U.S. After the fall of communism across Eastern Europe, numerous 'republics' of the USSR wanted to become independent countries. Why, then, do you think that he sent Ernie a message asking him over for a drink. Which statement regarding the appellate jurisdiction of the intermediate and highest level Texas appellate courts is incorrect? (July 15, 1979) Jimmy Carter's speech about the nation's energy crisis and recession. What was one reason for the expansion of machine politics in the late nineteenth century? He proposed major reforms and adopted policies of greater openness (glasnostand perestroika) and allowed Soveit-bloc states greater independence. Reference to the period of relaxation or thaw in relations between the superpowers during Khrushchev's rule in the Soviet Union. After gaining independence from Portugal, conflicting forces in Angola tried to seize power. 8 US servicemen died. Both sides had much to gain from increased co-operation - such as savings from a slower Arms Race and the trade benefits. The crisis weaked the Carter presidency; the hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan became president. 1971 court case where the Supreme Court ruled that school districts may bus students to other schools to end the pattern of all-black or all-white educational institutions, an economic condition marked by both inflation and high unemployment, a foreign policy advocated by Henry Kissinger in the Nixon administration based on consideration of a nation's power rather than its ideals or moral principles, a five-year agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union, signed in 1972, that limited the nations' numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched missiles, series of agreements that promised greater cooperation between the nations of Eastern and Western Europe, ship seized by the Communist government of Cambodia in the Gulf of Siam, a law, enacted during the Carter administration, that established a tax on "gas-guzzling" automobiles, removed price controls on U.S. oil and natural gas, and provided tax credits for the development of alternative energy sources, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, a 1978 court case where the Supreme Court decided that the affirmative action policies of the university's medical school were unconstitutional.
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries A.D. In 1979, the SALT 2 treaty was signed, proposing to cover long-range nuclear missiles. It took a number of weeks for the entire wall to be torn down. the application of supply-side economics to the management of the U.S. economy in the 1980s, consisting of a set of objectives that included tax reduction, deregulation of business, increased government spending on defense and decreased government spending on welfare. An official of the department, Daniel Ellsberg, gave copies of the study in 1971 to the New York Times and Washington Post.
They raised tens of millions of dollars in campaign funds using unethical means. Ford was saddled with a slow economy and paid a political price for his pardon of Nixon. In December 1989, at the end of a Summit and Malta, the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and US President George H.W. It's leader, Lech Walesa, demanded not just economic reforms, but also political freedom. His reforms rapidly transformed soviet culture; politics and they drastically reduced cold war tensions. (1893-1976) Chinese Communist leader who drove the National Chinese out of China in 1949, creating the People's Republic of China. On the night of the 9th of November 1989, people began to dismantle Wall and climb over it to meet with people from West Berlin. Though he survived the challenge, the support of Yeltsin for a Russian republic signified the end of the USSR for Gorbachev. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; countries who are dedicated to the production of oil; mostly middle east, but not all; US imports a lot of oil from OPEC; determines how much we get and the cost; as the cost goes up by dollar, that's when the gallons go up by 2 cents; period of inflation combined with stagnation, usually recession (when Nixon imposed wage and price controls to try to control rising inflation, but it failed causing a recession). was an activist and United States military analyst.was a fervent anti-Vietnam War activist, and started protesting in 1969. The largest republic of the USSR, Russia, elected Boris Yeltsin as it's president. In 1972, President Nixon visited Moscow and the SALT1 treaty was signed. In 1987, they signed the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, pledging not to build any more weapons and to dismantle nuclear weapons with a range of 500-5500 kilometers. Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981). Became leader of Iran and he helped the country get rich. Richard Nixon's committee for re-electing the president. It restricted the number of each side's strategic weapons, and its goal was to replace the Interim Agreement reached in SALT I, The U.S. Senate never ratified the treaty, partly in protest to the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, but both countries observed its major limitations until 1986. historic agreements between Israel and Egypt, reached in negotiations at Camp David in 1978, a federal agency established in 1970 for the regulation of water and air pollution, toxic waste, pesticides, and radiation, turned over millions of acres of land to the state's native tribes for conservation and tribal use, place where a nuclear reactor malfunctioned on March 28, 1979, the federal agency that monitors the nuclear power industry, president of the United States, involved in Watergate scandal, Nixon's chief justice appointee, U.S. Court of Appeals judge, Nixon's adviser for national security affairs, would later become his secretary of state, resigned as attorney general to run Nixon's reelection campaign, was the CRP's director, Washington post reporter on the Watergate scandal, Attorney general who replaced John Mitchell when he resigned, the special prosecutor, whom Elliot Richardson had appointed to investigate the case, took the president to court in October 1973 to obtain the tapes, resigned after it was revealed that he had accepted bribes from engineering firms while governor of Maryland, Nixon's secretary who accidentally erased 18 and minutes on the tapes, 1976 Democrat nominee, former governor of Georgia, civil rights leader, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Muslim religious leader who led the rebels in overthrowing the shah and establishing a religious state based on strict obedience to the Qur'an, the sacred book of Islam, a marine biologist, published Silent Spring. US Military operation attempting to rescue 52 American Hostages from the US Embassy in Tehran, Iran on April 24, 1980 that was aborted when three helicopters that were part of the operation were damaged and forced to return to the carrier by a sandstorm. The massacre also reduced U.S. support at home for the Vietnam War.
She served as an Associate Justice from 1981 until her retirement from the Court in 2006.
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