garden of gethsemane and golgotha

Alma explained, According to justice, the plan of redemption could not be brought about, only on conditions of repentance of men . Reason teaches this, and it is a simple matter of justice. The atonement for individual sins satisfies the demands of justice and establishes a plan of mercy that makes possible the salvation of each man from his individual fallen condition. Christ was brought before Caiaphas, the High Priest. 25 And all the people answered, "His blood be on us and on our children!" So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. It was not the intent of the Gospels, however, to present a complete theological treatise on the Atonement of Jesus Christ. 9:24). Abinadi explained that the condition man inherited by the Fall is the very means by which he comes to the knowledge of good and evil. 10:13). Thus His atonement made perfect His empathy and His mercy and His capacity to succor us, for which we can be everlastingly grateful as He tutors us in our trials. [41]. 1. These have already been ad-dressed. 2:15). It is no wonder that suffering such extreme agonies caused him to bleed at every pore, and to suffer both body and spirit (D&C 19:18). 9. 15. Then, displaying his power to heal both body and spirit, he asked them to bring the sick and afflicted, saying, Bring them hither and I will heal them, for I have compassion upon you; my bowels are filled with mercy (3 Ne. Within decades of Christs resurrection, Roman and Jewish historians wrote about Jesus and the events surrounding Him. Amulek spoke of this in these terms: Behold, I say unto you, that I do know that Christ shall come among the children of men, to take upon him the transgressions of his people, and that he shall atone for the sins of the world. John 18:1213: So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him. 5 And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself.

Brigham Young observed, Facts are made apparent to the human mind by their opposites. Christs disciples were willing to die for their faith in Him. [30] Bruce R. McConkie, A New Witness for the Articles of Faith (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985), 282. King Benjamin prophesied that after Christ would suffer the agony of mans wickedness and abominations, his people shall scourge him, and shall crucify him. But he shall rise the third day from the dead (Mosiah 3:910). With this in mind, the climax of each Gospel is a narration of the historical events associated with the atoning sacrifice in Gethsemane and Golgotha. I have already indicated that the purpose of mans existence in the earth was to obtain a body and acquire that experience in this probation which will enable him to appreciate Gods greatest gift to man, viz., the gift of eternal life; and to learn by actual contact with evil in this life, and by becoming acquainted with its effectsto flee from it and to love that which is good and pure and virtuous. One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, Are you not the Christ? And thus mercy can satisfy the demands of justice, and encircles them in the arms of safety, while he that exercises no faith unto repentance is exposed to the whole law of the demands of justice; therefore only unto him that has faith unto repentance is brought about the great and eternal plan of redemption (Alma 34:8,1516). 26:28; Luke 22:20). The traditional site is at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Pilate condemned Jesus to death by crucifixion. In the garden, Adam and Eve were in a deathless, immortal state. In his fallen state he is carnal, sensual, and devilish by nature. Beyond the mortal consequences, the Book of Mormon teaches that the Fall of Adam brought upon humankind eternal consequences. This is one of the inner marvels of the atonement of Jesus Christ! [40] Can we, even in the depths of disease, tell Him anything at all about suffering? Thus, a modern revelation states that the mission of Christ was to redeem mankind from the fall, and from individual sins (D&C 138:19). 2:29). In the early pages of the Book of Mormon, Nephi saw in vision the life of Christ. For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved (John 3:1617). 1. What further witnesses do we need? For he said, 'I am the Son of God.'". It is because of the carnality of the natural man that the Savior said men loved darkness rather than light (John 3:19). That is, though sicknesses and pains are part of the mortal experience, they will not be part of our immortal experience. He then began to suffer miserably. Later, when he appeared to the Nephites at the temple in Bountiful, the Savior declared, I have drunk out of that bitter cup which the Father hath given me, and have glorified the Father in taking upon me the sins of the world (3 Ne. After Aaron had taught the king some initial principles about God and saw that the king believed his teachings, Aaron. Because of this, little children are born into a fallen condition. According to the plan, men live and experience the knowledge of good and evil for themselves. These positive results are confirmed in the book of Moses, where Eve declared, Were it not for our transgression we never should have had seed, and never should have known good and evil (Moses 5:11). If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross." These same conditions are stated in the Book of Mormon as well. . [34]. 21. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. 8. The Saviors life will be sacrificed by the shedding of his blood (Matt. 5. Matthew 26:3638: Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples, "Sit here, while I go over there and pray." 11. 2:18). . The tomb of Jesus was secured by the Romans. For behold, I, God, have suffered these things for all, that they might not suffer if they would repent; but if they would not repent they must suffer even as I; which suffering caused myself, even God, the greatest of all, to tremble because of pain, and to bleed at every pore, and to suffer both body and spiritand would that I might not drink the bitter cup, and shrink (D&C 19:1518). 7. 4. . You have now heard his blasphemy. Now from the sixth hour [12:00 pm] there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour [3:00 pm]. Nonetheless, several statements reveal a world in trouble with Jesus Christ providing the only way of escape. Since not all human sorrow and pain is connected to sin, the full intensiveness of the Atonement involved bearing our pains, infirmities, and sicknesses, as well as our sins.[35] Again, he said that Christ knew beforehand, intellectually, that His acceptance of the atoning role entailed awesome responsibilities, responsibilities that would eventually lead to His knowing experientially in Gethsemane and on Calvary as the weight of the yoke of our sins, sicknesses, pains, and infirmities fell upon him. [36] Alma does not mention why Christ must take upon him the pains and the sicknesses of his people. Yet, for the most part these afflictions have come upon humankind as a result of the Fall of Adam and therefore they must be infinitely removed through the infinite Atonement. [27] Orson Pratt taught that the universal redemption from the effects of original sin, has nothing to do with redemption from our personal sins; for the original sin of Adam, and the personal sins of his children, are two different things. [28] Amulek declared that Gods judgment of humankind will be at a personal level (Alma 11:44).

Elder James E. Talmage believed that during this time, the agony of Gethsemane had recurred, intensified beyond human power to endure. [38] Elder Bruce R. McConkie expressed this same view. 8:8). 5 And throwing down the pieces of silver into the temple, he departed, and he went and hanged himself. that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" 52 The tombs also were opened. Man is not liable. Brigham Young University Save yourself and us! 40 But the other rebuked him, saying, Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? Matthew 26:57: Then those who had seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. The infinite nature of the Atonement required Christ to be born of both mortal and divine parents (see Matt. 4. PayPal does not require you to create a PayPal account to use your credit card. 17. King Benjamin explained that although little children do not commit sin, nevertheless, because of Adam, or by nature, they fall (Mosiah 3:16). Also, the Resurrection opens the way for the salvation of little children who die before the age of accountability. Words fail to express what Christ went through for us so He could restore us to Himself and have an eternal relationship with us. But this would involve the destruction of a vital and fundamental attribute in manthe right of agency. The temple curtain was torn in two, and many people rose from the dead and appeared to others. What is included in believing that Jesus is the Christ? Consequently, the Gospels do not provide a clear explanation as to the need for the Atonement, nor do they present a total picture of what the Savior actually suffered. The purpose of the creation of this earth was to provide a place where opposites not only exist but are experienced. While the Atonement for the Fall of Adam redeems people from spiritual death in that they are brought back into the presence of God, where they are to be judged, men will be accountable for their own actions while in mortality. . However, because of the Atonement of Christ, all humankind, both old and young, both bond and free, both male and female, both the wicked and the righteous (Alma 11:44), will be resurrected and brought back into the presence of God. 13 First they led him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 43 He trusts in God; let God deliver him now, if he desires him. Golgotha has two general options for its location. The Atonement of Jesus Christ will rectify each effect of mans fallen condition. A modern revelation declares that the Savior descended below all things (D&C 88:6). Ball (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University), 17399. Save yourself and us! 40 But the other rebuked him, saying, Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? He suffered the penalty of eternity in hell for each person who trusts in Him as their Savior. 27:4546; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:44). Understanding why there is a need for the Atonement of Christ is critical to accepting him. No; for the penalty of that transgression was not limited to the body alone. He then explained: When he sinned, it was with both the body and the spirit that he sinned: it was not only the body that ate of the fruit, but the spirit gave the will to eat; the spirit sinned therefore as well as the body; they were agreed in partaking of that fruit. 7. 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. Therefore, Moroni declared, if ye shall deny yourselves of all ungodliness, and love God with all your might, mind and strength, then is his grace sufficient for you, that by his grace ye may be perfect in Christ (Moro. Added to the prophecies found within the Book of Mormon of the Saviors atoning sacrifice is his own testimony of his suffering. And because of the fall of man came Jesus Christ, even the Father and the Son; and because of Jesus Christ came the redemption of man. He cried out, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt (Matt. It appears from this statement that King Benjamin is referring to the Saviors suffering in Gethsemane, for it was there that his sweat was as it were great drops of blood (Luke 22:44). 17:6). Would old father Adams spirit have gone back into the presence of God, and dwelt there eternally, enjoying all the felicities and glories of heaven, after his body had died? The Savior declared, If ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins (John 8:24). 10:32). 47 And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, "This man is calling Elijah." The Gospels teach that mans salvation will come at the expense of the Saviors own life, for he will give his life for the world (John 10:1018). In addition to the eternal effects of the curse of Adam, each persons own transgression of the laws of God also results in eternal consequences. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. Jesus appeared again before Pilate, Pilatess wife warned him about condemning Jesus, Barabbas released. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. [41] Maxwell, Even As I Am (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985), 11617. His sacrifice will bring a remission of sins (Matt. Because of his sacrifice, Christ stands betwixt them and justice, having satisfied the demands of justice (Mosiah 15:9). 66 What is your judgment?" [14] Talmage, The Vitality of Mormonism (Boston: The Gorham Press, 1919), 46. . Pilate said to them, Behold the man! 6 When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, Crucify him, crucify him! Pilate said to them, Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.. [4] Ezra Taft Benson, Book of MormonKey stone of Our Religion, Ensign, November 1986, 5; see also Conference Report, October 1986, 4. But these teachings are incomplete and often insufficient, because the New Testament does not contain the fullness of doctrine. 39 And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads 40 and saying, "You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself! . 66 So they went and made the tomb secure by sealing the stone and setting a guard. 9. . 3. Jacob taught: The fall came by reason of transgression; and because man became fallen they were cut off from the presence of the Lord. So he came and took away his body. And thus he shall bring salvation to all those who shall believe on his name; this being the intent of this last sacrifice, to bring about the bowels of mercy, which overpowereth justice, and bringeth about means unto men that they may have faith unto repentance. Nonetheless, we are told that he suffered all things spiritual and physical relative to mans fall. The religious leaders condemned and beat Jesus at the house of Caiaphas. Jesus was led out to be crucified at Golgotha. Wherefore, it must needs be an infinite atonementsave it should be an infinite atonement this corruption could not put on incorruption. [17] Pratt, The Pre-existence of Man, The Seer I, no.

This sacrifice will be a ransom for many (Matt. These lessons involved the necessity of death, the existence of evil and sin. Redemption from the curse of Adam required a general atonement for all people. Over the years it has deteriorated but still resembles a face. 25. 13. 22. Jesus body is taken down from the cross and placed in a tomb. 10:32). [13] James E. Talmage, A Study of the Articles of Faith, 12th ed., rev. 9:89). 62 And he went out and wept bitterly. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. for except it were for these conditions, mercy could not take effect except it should destroy the work of justice (Alma 42:13). 37 And over his head they put the charge against him, which read, This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.. 14. Finally, each Gospel relates the sacred events surrounding the Saviors resurrection three days after his crucifixion (Matt. [1] William J. Wolf, The Atonement, Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Because of the negative consequences of the Fall, mankind is in trouble. Lehi explained that as part of the plan of salvation, it became necessary that the days of the children of men were prolonged, according to the will of God, that they might repent while in the flesh; wherefore, their state became a state of probation, and their time was lengthened (2 Ne. If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross." 9:1113). We have never been, nor will we be, in depths such as He has known. Yea, by the temporal law they were cut off; and also, by the spiritual law they perish from that which is good, and become miserable forever (2 Ne. The Lord told Adam that humans are conceived in sin (Moses 6:55). Of this Elder James E. Talmage wrote, From Father Adam we have inherited all the ills to which flesh is heir; but such are necessarily incident to a knowledge of good and evil, by the proper use of which knowledge man may become even as the Gods. [20]. that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground (Luke 22:44). Because of the Fall, their bodies became mortal, subject to all of the ills and imperfections of mortality. Further, it clarifies what Christ suffered for humankind. 9:67). 14. 8. He must move his arms and kick his feet or he will never overcome his infirmity. [25] Joseph Fielding Smith taught: No person who has lived and died on this earth will be denied the resurrection. President Benson observed, Just as a man does not really desire food until he is hungry, so he does not desire the salvation of Christ until he knows why he needs Christ. [5] Why there is a need for the Atonement will first be considered from the perspective of the four Gospels. Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor's headquarters. Through it, their infirmities will become strengths (Ether 12:27) and they will become even as God. [27] This is the meaning of the second Article of Faith: We believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adams transgression. See Smith, Doctrines of Salvation, 2:49. 49 And all his acquaintances and the women who had followed him from Galilee stood at a distance watching these things. As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. If God would have commanded Adam and Eve to partake of the fruit, then God would have been responsible for their fall. [35] Maxwell, Not My Will, But Thine (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1988), 51. Pilate said to them, "You have a guard of soldiers. 23. The contrasts experienced in this world of mingled sorrow and joy are educational in their nature, and will be the means of raising humanity to a full appreciation of all that is right and true and good. [16]. 15:6). Amulek taught, According to the great plan of the Eternal God there must be an atonement made, or else all mankind must unavoidably perish (Alma 34:9). That is, without an infinite atonement man would have become lost forever (Alma 42:6) in an endless state of spiritual and physical death. First, he shall go forth, suffering pains and afflictions and temptations of every kind; and this that the word might be fulfilled which saith he will take upon him the pains and the sicknesses of his people (Alma 7:11; cf. And that great and last sacrifice will be the Son of God, who is infinite and eternal (Alma 34:1314). Being finite and mortal, we will never fully comprehend all the Savior suffered in the atoning process. And since man had fallen he could not merit anything of himself; but the sufferings and death of Christ atone for their sins, through faith and repentance, and so forth; and that he breaketh the bands of death, that the grave shall have no victory, and that the sting of death should be swallowed up in the hopes of glory; and Aaron did expound all these things unto the king (Alma 22:1214). 24. 14:16). Calvinism focused unnaturally on the natural man and lacked the lifting dimension contained in the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ, with its exalting perspectives and sweeping promises. Yet Alma spoke of two additional areas that are important but rarely considered. Three days later Christ rose from the dead and proved victorious over sin and death. The universal redemption of humankind from the curse of Adam is free and unconditional. 2:67). This mortal condition continued with their children. Both places are close to each other, so we know theyre both in the vicinity. Though man suffers a spiritual death as part of Adams Fall, he also suffers a spiritual death when he misuses the knowledge of good and evil through sin. Yet in its present form, the Bible does not refer to an overall plan that God has for humankind. Then two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on the left. Second, the Atonement encompasses all of Gods childrenpast, present, and future, in this world and in every world created by Jesus Christ. Go, make it as secure as you can." Why has God allowed this to happen? Though He was sinless, yet He suffered more than all of us. 36 Then they sat down and kept watch over him there. Why? 43 He trusts in God; let God deliver him now, if he desires him. [24] The idea of a general atonement is confirmed in the Book of Moses: The Lord said unto Adam: Behold I have forgiven thee thy transgression in the Garden of Eden. Those who do not accept Christ and repent of their sins will suffer a second death. Since all humankind will be redeemed from the first death and brought back into the presence of God to be judged, those who have not accepted Christ and repented of their sins will be hewn down and cast into the fire; and there cometh upon them again a spiritual death, yea, a second death, for they are cut off again as to things pertaining to righteousness (Hel. The Book of Mormon reveals that three important events work together to bring about Gods plan: the creation of the earth, the Fall of Adam, and the Atonement of Christ. [12] Benson, A Witness and a Warning, 33. Matthew 27:3437: They offered him wine to drink, mixed with gall, but when he tasted it, he would not drink it.

He suffered all things man has suffered. 1:20; Luke 1:35). Jesus was brought before Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the High Priest. Pilate condemned Jesus to death by crucifixion. The following is representative of most theologians views. Then when Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he changed his mind and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders, 4 saying, "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood." Alma explained, And now, the plan of mercy could not be brought about except an atonement should be made; therefore God himself atoneth for the sins of the world, to bring about the plan of mercy, to appease the demands of justice, that God might be a perfect, just God, and a merciful God also (Alma 42:15). Luke 23:11: And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him.

11. As part of that witness the reality of the Atonement is confirmed within the Book of Mormons sacred pages. Then a lifeguard dove into the water and saved the drowning man. 2:2025). 26:28). Matthew 26:47: While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. By experiencing our infirmities, he also comprehends perfectly each of our weaknesses and how to heal and strengthen them. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" And thus did I, the Lord God, appoint unto man the day of his probationthat by his natural death he might be raised in immortality unto eternal life, even as many as would believe; and they that believe not unto eternal damnation; for they cannot be redeemed from their spiritual fall, because they repent not; for they love darkness rather than light, and their deeds are evil, and they receive their wages of whom they list to obey (D&C 29:4245). [2] Therefore, to the Christian world the Atonement has remained an expression of the mystery of God. [3]. Amulek explained that because of the Resurrection, the spirit and the body shall be reunited again in its perfect form; both limb and joint shall be restored to its proper frame (Alma 11:43). Knowing this, Lehi admonished his sons not to give in to the will of the flesh and the evil which is therein, which giveth the spirit of the devil power to captivate (2 Ne. '", 19. One of the robbers who was crucified with Christ embraced Him as his Savior. We must do our part. Luke 23:4649: Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, Father, into your hands I commit my spirit! And having said this he breathed his last. 2:11). 33 And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of a Skull).. Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. Yet there are no references to a plan of salvation as such in the Old or the New Testament. [6] Surely, biblical prophets understood the plan of salvation, for they refer to elements of the plan. 9:13). Grant Building The Gospels detail the incidents that occurred during the six hours the Savior hung on the cross until at the end he yielded up the ghost (Matt. 26 Then he released for them Barabbas, and having scourged Jesus, delivered him to be crucified. Who is it that struck you?". This compassion was vividly demonstrated when he visited the Nephites. Herods Palace Pilate's Judgment Hall, 1. 41 And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong. 42 And he said, Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom. 43 And he said to him, Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise..

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garden of gethsemane and golgotha