how much corn does illinois produce

Farms from 36 counties below a line from about Mattoon to Alton are in the sample for southern Illinois. This site is operated by a business or businesses owned by Informa PLC and all copyright resides with them. The ten states that produce the most corn in the United States are Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, Minnesota, Indiana, Kansas, South Dakota, Ohio, Missouri, and Wisconsin. Number 8860726. "Hominy corn" came in different colors of "smooth, hard kernels" which might be white, blue, red or yellow, or a mix of any of these. Overall, 24 counties surpassed 200 bushels per acre for corn while 41 counties eclipsed the 60-bushel mark for beans in Illinois last year. Has Iowa always been the #1 producer of corn in the United States? [15][needs update], Out of 316,000 corn farms, about 300,000 farms (95% of them) are family-owned. Although Illinois' food and fiber industry employs nearly 1 million people, there are only 75,087 farm operators, down from 164,000 in 1959.

The state's climate and varied soil types enable farmers to grow and raise many other agricultural commodities, including cattle, wheat, oats, sorghum, hay, sheep, poultry, fruits and vegetables. More than 2,000 miles of interstate highway and 34,500 miles of other state highway make trucking of goods fast and efficient. quotes burr aaron accomplishments job weaver managers earl met quotesgram mother schools education molly hooper character ariel vanessa ray Overall production of corn in the U.S. was 15.1 billion bushels for 2021. Corn accounts for 54 percent of that total. Meanwhile, Illinois farmers harvested 35.4 million bushels of wheat last year (down 4% from 2019) with an average yield of 68 bushels per acre (up a bushel); 870,000 bushels of oats (up 34% from 2019) with an average yield of 58 bushels (down 7); and 1.48 million tons of hay (up 30 %) with an average yield of 3.02 tons per acre (up .31 of a ton). [38], Corn was introduced to Alabama in around the eighteenth century; there have been traces of corn found in Nuyuka's Upper Creek village which dates back to the period.[39]. The graph below shows that one reason Iowa produces the most corn in the United States is that it plants the most corn. USDA. [28], Nebraska is known as the "Cornhusker State" and is the third-largest corn-producing state in the United States. The Illinois Department of Agriculture promotes items produced, processed, packaged or are headquartered in Illinois through international and domestic marketing exhibits, trade missions, industry tours, publications, the Illinois Product Logo program and an electronic database for trade leads. Click on the infographic below to download a PDF version. This increase is also primarily due to soil fertility costs. [5][8], Two methods are used to produce ethanol from corn and other plants such as sugar cane. In fact, Illinois and Iowa combined to produce 31% of the nations corn crop (4.43 billion bushels) last year, according to Mike Doherty, Illinois Farm Bureau senior economist and policy analyst. Dent, flint, and flour corn varieties are used to make animal feed, cornmeal, corn oil, and alcoholic beverages such as bourbon whiskey. Post Application Coverage Endorsement Tool (Sheet), Balance Sheet & Historical Financial Statements, Briomass Crop Budget Tool Miscanthus & Switchgrass, Illinois Soil Productivity & Yield Utilities, Farmland LEasing Facts Sheets & Pricing Information, Cost to Produce Corn and Soybeans in Illinois2021, https://farmdoc.illinois.edu/handbook/cost-to-produce-corn-and-soybeans-in-illinois, https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/DataFiles/47913/cop_forecast.xlsx?v=2929.1, International Benchmarks for Wheat Production, Illinois FBFM Association and Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics. [21] In 2015, one bushel of corn costs $3.50. The top five county average corn yields in Illinois for 2020 are as follows: Menard (216.3 bushels per acre), Peoria (214.7), Stark (212.4), Piatt (211.7) and Warren (211.1). Illinois also produces several specialty crops, such as buckwheat, horseradish, ostriches, fish and Christmas trees. But, the final state yield estimates ended up at 192 bushels for corn and 59 bushels for soybeans for 2020. Hybrid cropping techniques were widely practiced from the late 1880s, and the hybrid corn varieties developed with cross and re-cross breeding techniques developed by university research. I want to thank all the farmers who responded to the county yield survey, Schleusener added. The remaining 44 counties make up the sample for central Illinois. Farming practice is based on irrigation only in about 11% area while the balance area is under un-irrigated conditions. [32], The first corn varieties grown in Illinois were those obtained from local Indians or varieties brought to Illinois from the New England states. [26], Iowa, the largest producer of corn in the US, grows three times as much corn as Mexico. Illinois is the nation's second leading exporter of both soybeans and feed grains and related products. Its written in the barns, Quick Take: Conservation survey, ag ed money and more, An A-to-Z look at the 2022 Farm Progress Show, What to know if youre interested in solar, Allowed HTML tags:


. Illinois farmers produced 605 million bushels of soybeans, which led the nation last year. [4], By the time scientific assessment of conduciveness to grow corn in the United States was undertaken by Meriwether Lewis in 1804, the immigrant settlers had already spread its growth in many parts of the country due to its suitability in varying climatic and soil conditions. Cold, fairly dry winters and warm, humid summers with ample rainfall allow the land to support many kinds of crops and livestock. Marketing of soybeans contributes 27 percent, and the combined marketings of livestock, dairy and poultry generates 13 percent. See more:Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Illinois-Grown Corn, Sources: National Agricultural Statistics Service, National Corn Growers Association, Your email address will not be published. Illinois is a leading producer of soybeans, corn and swine. In the 1980s, subsidies increased substantially. In 2011, the state had 92,300 corn farms on 30,700,000 acres (12,400,000ha), the average size being 333 acres (135ha), and the average dollar value per acre being US$6,708. The farmdoc daily website falls under University of Illinois copyright and intellectual property rights. A History of Corn Production by State Illinois also ranks as the No. Soybean costs per acre were $704, $716, $660 and $668, respectively (see Table 1). However, this increase could be more depending on when fertilizer was purchased.

The balance comes from sales of wheat and other crops, including fruits and vegetables. Variations in these costs were related to weather, yields, and land quality. OUR MISSION: We are committed to the economic well-being of Illinois agriculture and enriching the quality of farm family life. Most of these companies are located in the Chicago metropolitan area, which contains one of the largest concentrations of food-related businesses in the world. Costs per bushel were 17 cents higher in northern Illinois, 17 cents higher in central Illinois with the higher rated soils, 16 cents higher in central Illinois with the lower rated soils and 20 cents lower in southern Illinois. The other uses are given in the table. Illinois Farm Bureau Partners is a magazine for Illinois Farm Bureau members. We had record or near records forecast for corn and soybean production, Schleusener said. Find your nearest vaccination location at However, the U.S. exported nearly the same amount of corn through meats, ethanol and distillers grains as we did in grain.. These 4 states accounted for roughly 54% of the production in the U.S. Nineteen (19) states produced over 100 million bushels of corn in 2020. [19], US$267 is spent by the average American annually on purchasing corn. Costs per bushel were increased even with higher yields due to greater fertility, pesticides, overhead costs as well as machinery repairs, fuel and machine hire costs. This is $69 per acre higher than 2020. [10] One bushel of corn can produce 2.8 gallons of ethanol in as well as 17-18 pounds of DDGS. The average size of an Illinois farm, including hobby farms, is 375acres. Many farming operations also support recreational activities such as hunting and fishing. Farm Progress is part of the Informa Markets Division of Informa PLC. The average corn yield for all combined areas of the state was 213 bushels per acre resulting in a total cost of production of $4.40 per bushel. 4 in corn production", "Rare, successful Alaska corn harvest gives Fairbanks farmers hope", "Mycotoxins in Indiana corn will concern pig producers", Agriculture in the Southwestern United States, Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corn_production_in_the_United_States&oldid=1097776032, Agricultural production in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, 'Other processing' includes the production of, high and unpredictable expense to taxpayers, disincentivizing crop diversification and planning for extreme weather, harming public health; supporting meat and processed food by subsidizing durable staples (mostly corn and soy) rather than fruit and vegetables ("specialty crops"), destroying the livelihoods of small farmers in the developing world by dumping (by, This page was last edited on 12 July 2022, at 16:35. Corn, or maize, is a cereal grain originally cultivated by indigenous people in Mexico 10,000 years ago. south The United States also exports about 38% of the world's total corn exports to other countries. [33] In 2012, Illinois sowed 12.8 million acres of corn in 2012, ranking fourth in corn production, behind Iowa, Minnesota, and Nebraska. Total costs per acre were the highest since 2013 while total costs per bushel were the second highest in the last five years. Iowa is the largest producer of corn in the United States. "Six weeks corn" was a type similar to popcorn, roasted at milk stage. Illinois counties rank among best for crop output nationally, Mark Schleusener, Illinois State Statistician, discusses the county yield estimates for corn and soybeans. These increases coupled with monitoring overhead and land costs have the possibility to be offset with currently higher projected grain prices for 2022. Much of Illinois is comprised of fertile flat loess, left behind by glaciers and wind millions of years ago. The plant has a leafy stalk that produces pollen inflorescences and ears that produce kernels or seeds. vaccines.gov. In 2007, the production process used 75% of the energy extracted. You can also subscribe without commenting. About 89 percent of the state's cropland is considered prime farmland, ranking the state third nationally in total prime farmland acreage. Illinois follows Iowa with 2,131,200,000 bushels of corn, about 15.03% of the total U.S. production. Many counties in Iowa, some of which are top corn producers nationally, produce much less than normal in 2020 because of the derecho and the drought. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Costs increased $72 per acre in northern Illinois, $56 per acre in central Illinois with the higher rated soils, $53 per acre in central Illinois with the lower rated soils and $60 per acre in southern Illinois when compared to 2020. The production of corn (Zea mays mays, also known as "maize") plays a major role in the economy of the United States. Today, the United States is the largest corn producer globally, with approximately 96 million acres of land reserved for corn production. The average corn yield in 2021 was 11 bushels per acre higher than 2020 in northern Illinois, 6 bushels to 7 bushel higher in central Illinois and 25 bushels higher than 2020 in southern Illinois. The US is the largest corn producer in the world, with 96,000,000 acres (39,000,000ha) of land reserved for corn production. It is now the third leading grain crop in the world. [2] The original corn plant known as teosinte is still grown in Mexico. [31] In 2012, Minnesota's farmers produced the largest corn crop in the state's history, at 1.37 billion bushels harvested, equaling 165 bushels per acre, on 250,000 acres. Across the state, total costs per acre to produce corn increased from 7 to 10 percent. The state averaged 105 bushels per acre in 2012, down from 157-bushel per acre in 2010 and 2011. Most farm acreage is devoted to grain, mainly corn and soybeans. [11] Compared to other major sources, corn is the least efficient means of ethanol production. Your email address will not be published. Agricultural Impact Mitigation Agreements, Local Food Purchase Assistance Program (LFPA), Safety and Health Assistance for Ag Employers. Illinois' 1,118 miles of navigable waterways, including the Illinois and Mississippi rivers, make barge traffic an excellent option for shipment of grain to the Gulf of Mexico. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. 200 Innovation Blvd. The second event was an August 2020 derecho in Iowa and Illinois causing extensive corn production damage. Deep dive into Illinois corn export market, State fairs story? Ethanol is blended with gasoline to produce E10 and E85 fuels for automobile vehicles. [13], There are 80,000,000 acres (32,000,000ha) of land dedicated exclusively to corn cultivation in the United States. Approximately 13% of its annual yield is exported. Costs were lower in southern Illinois primarily because of lower land costs. The average soybean yield for all combined areas of the state was 68 bushels per acre resulting in a total cost of production of $10.19 per bushel. All rights reserved. The residual product (DDGS) is about 33% of the input stream and is used as livestock feed. Iroquois County produced the second-most bushels of corn (59.84 million) and third-most bushels of soybeans (17.08 million) while Champaign County ranked fourth nationally in soybean output at 16.57 million bushels. A more complete discussion of how some of the costs are calculated can be found under Illinois Farm Management Handbook in the management section of farmdoc: https://farmdoc.illinois.edu/handbook/cost-to-produce-corn-and-soybeans-in-illinois. Based on a national contest in 2011 when an average of 300 bushels per acre was achieved others are sure to follow suit which result in a yield of 300 bushels per acre by 2030 from the same extent land holdings under corn. But this will become harder as export competitors such as Brazil, Argentina and Ukraine are also seeing a yield increase and a need for more export outlets. How many acres of corn are grown in Iowa? Total costs per acre for soybeans increased in Illinois when compared to 2020. Corn is popular among Alaskans. Over the past five years, 42% of the corn produced in Illinois left the state, with about half of that amount destined for overseas markets, he says. Guidelines are available here. But how much do you know about the Illinois corn export market? Brought to you by Illinois Farm Bureau in conjunction with Farm Flavor Media/Journal Communications Inc. 2021 All rights reserved. There was a problem saving your notification. The state boasts some 1,100 airports, landing areas and heliports, including Chicago's O'Hare International, through which more than 65 million travelers pass annually. While officially nicknamed "The Hawkeye State," Iowa is also known as "The Corn State" due to 90% of its land devoted to agriculture. Illinois' agricultural commodities also provide the base for such products as animal feed, ink, paint, adhesives, clothing, soap, wax, cosmetics, medicines, furniture, paper and lumber. The total of all economic costs per bushel in the different sections of the state ranged from $4.19 to $4.51 for corn and from $9.94 to $10.67 for soybeans. 2014 projections were that the US would spend $97.29 billion/year on farm and food programs over the next decade. Variable costs increased $34 per acre or 8 percent, other nonland costs increased $14 per acre, and land costs increased $21 per acre. Below is a table with each state's corn production and percentage of the U.S. total corn production. [5], As the growth of corn has spread to extensive production in 14 states (though it is grown to a lesser extent in all the other US states), the Corn Farmers Coalition was formed. We have prepared a history of state rankings of US corn production. Discover the power of CropProphet by requesting a free trial. The sample farms averaged 1,625 tillable acres in northern Illinois, 1,550 acres in the central section with high soil ratings, 1,511 acres in the central section with lower soil ratings, and 1,885 acres in southern Illinois. [37], The state of Texas is a large producer of corn; the final estimate of corn produced in 2010 was some 301 million bushels on 2,300,000 acres (930,000ha) of land, totaling to $1.2 billion of crop. The state ranks. [27] Almost 1.88 billion bushels of corn were grown in the state in 2012 on 13.7 million acres of land, while the 2013 projections are 2.45 billion bushels of corn on 13.97 million acres of land. Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, April 12, 2022. Iowa produced the most corn in the United States in 2020 followed by Illinois & Nebraska. The first was a regional drought focused on Iowa. [16][17], Highest yield of over 12 billion bushels have been recorded up to 2011 with 12.4 billion bushels reported in 2011 with yields of more than 140 bushels per acre. [6], According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the average U.S. yield for corn was 177 bushels per acre, up 3.3 percent over 2020 and a record high, with 16 states posting state records in output, and Iowa reporting a record of 205 bushels of corn per acre. FBFM field staff provide on-farm counsel with recordkeeping, farm financial management, business entity planning and income tax management. 1 corn exporter in the U.S., with exports at 1,026 million bushels. Fact: Nearly 42% of the corn grown in Illinois is exported. haven CropProphet Nineteen states produced over 100 million bushels of corn. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Cost-of-Production Forecasts for U.S. Major Field Crops, 2021F-2022F. https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/DataFiles/47913/cop_forecast.xlsx?v=2929.1. Registered in England and Wales. What state produces the most corn? The cost per bushel to raise soybeans the last five years averaged $10.23 per bushel. However, an increase in corn yields of global competitors could present barriers for new market access. This has resulted in farmers increasing acreage under corn by adopting crop rotations between corn and soybeans; causing a decline in soy production. Copyright 2022. Get the latest blog posts delivered to your inbox. Costs were lower in central Illinois with higher soil ratings and southern Illinois due to a higher increase in yields. Production costs per bushel of soybeans in 2021 in Illinois compared to 2020 varied across the state. Total costs to produce corn for all combined areas of the state were $937 per acre. Disclaimer: We request all readers, electronic media and others follow our citation guidelines when re-posting articles from farmdoc daily. More than 30% of corn farms are operated by women. [2] Corn growth is dominated by west north central Iowa and east central Illinois. The 2021 average corn yield in the different geographical locations ranged from one bushel lower to 25 bushels per acre higher than the five-year average from 2017 to 2021. Forty-nine percent hold jobs off the farm and consider farming their secondary occupation. Prime farmland is important because it provides an environmentally sound base for crop production. Informa PLC's registered office is 5 Howick Place, London SW1P 1WG. Iowa produced 2,296,200,000 bushels of corn in 2020, about 16.19% of the total U.S. production. Land and pesticide costs increased the most statewide. The world is becoming wealthier, and demand for feed and fuel will grow, he says. County yield averages in Illinois ranged from low to high by 59 bushels per acre for corn and 23 bushels for soybeans. Chicago is home to the largest rail gateway in the nation, connecting eastern and western United States. Billions more dollars flow into the state's economy from ag-related industries, such as farm machinery manufacturing, agricultural real estate, and production and sale of value-added food products. Left: Worldwide corn production chart; Right: Left: Male and female flowers of maize; Right: Select corn production chart for 2010, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, International Food Policy Research Institute, "Visiting Our Past: Attacks on Cherokee part of corn and grist mill history", "Family corn farmers: American ingenuity", "These 13 States Had Record Corn and Soybean Yields in 2021", "Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Vehicle Emissions", Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "Maize, rice and wheat: area harvested, production quantity, yield", "Farm bill: Why don't taxpayers subsidize the foods that are better for us?

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how much corn does illinois produce