1904 Northern Miner (Charters Towers) 22 September: At least I thought it would be accepted that I didn't come down in the last shower. It was Matthew Flinders, English navigator (and the first person to circumnavigate and map Australia's coastline), who first expressed a strong preference for the name Australia. A British person, especially one from England. PastTenses is a database of English verbs. I love her far horizons, The term derives from the figurative application of doctor in the West Indies to 'a cool sea breeze which usually prevails during part of the day in summer', and in South Africa to 'a strong, blustery south-east wind prevailing at the Cape', from doctor'any agent that gives or preserves health'. In Australia ocker has been used as a nickname and familiar form of address for a man since the early 20th century. This term is recorded from the late 19th century. It means 'a look', and usually appears in the phrase to have (or take) a geek at.
Mix to stiff paste, roll and cut into biscuits.
Household linen, and the department of a shop where such goods are sold. It was named after the style of singlet worn by shearer John Robert (Jacky) Howe who established a world shearing record by hand-shearing 321 sheep in 7 hours and 40 minutes at Alice Downs, Queensland, in the 1890s. Things are crook in Tallarook is one of several similar phrases based on rhyming reduplication, including theres no work at Bourke, got the arse at Bulli Pass, no lucre at Echuca, and everythings wrong at Wollongong. Each has been accompanied by cries of We'll all be rooned!. 2006 Newcastle Herald 1 June: I have had this wog for a while, and I was pretty crook when I woke up this morning, so I arranged replacement drivers for my team at Newcastle and then came to the hospital. 2006 A. Hyland Diamond Dove: Jack reckoned Bickie could smell water the way a mozzie can smell blood. G. Cross, George and Widda-Woman (1981). A lout or an exhibitionist, especially a young male who drives dangerously or at reckless speed. 1994 P. Horrobin Guide to Favourite Australian Fish (ed. For a more detailed discussion of rhyming slang in Australian English see the article 'Does Australian Slang still Rhyme?' 2013 Courier-Mail (Brisbane) 29 July: The birth of a future King of England is nice for the Poms and Anglophiles but it has no relevance on who will be a future president of the republic of Australia. when a sheila hove in sight but that was more to warn a man to watch his tongue. It is first recorded in 1942. From the late 1990s the terms are transferred into standard Australian English where they are used, often jokingly, in non-Aboriginal contexts.
To be in a state of confusion, as in this comment in an Australian state parliamentThe Leader of the Opposition does not know whether he is Arthur or Martha, Hekyll or Jekyll, coming or going. The first New Zealand reference to the more familiar meringue dessert occurs in a 1933 cookery book. First recorded in the 1970s. For a more detailed discussion of dak see our Word of the Month article from July 2009. Fremantle doctor is recorded from the 1870s. 1999 T. Astley Drylands: Out there all over the wide brown land, was a new generation of kids with telly niblets shoved into their mental gobs from the moment they could sit up in a playpen. b: (in an urban context): an unemployed person who lives by opportunism. The phenomenon of bodgies and widgies peaked in the 1950s. A gambling game in which two coins are tossed in the air and bets laid as to whether both will fall heads or tails uppermost. The word is also used as a noun meaning something (or someone) that excites admiration by being surpassingly good of its kind, and as an adverb meaning 'beautifully, splendidly'. The noun was also used adjectivally. Unease about the wordconvict led to the creation of euphemistic terms, including government man and public servant (both recorded from 1797). A mallee bull is one that lives in mallee country - poor, dry country where small scrubby eucalypt trees called mallee grow. 1859 W. Burrows Adventures of a Mounted Trooper in the Australain Constabulary: A 'billy' is a tin vessel, something between a saucepan and a kettle, always black outside from being constantly on the fire, and looking brown inside from the quantity of tea that is generally to be seen in it. The word is a borrowing from Yuwaaliyaay (and neighbouring languages), an Aboriginal language of northern New South Wales. 1943 Argus (Melbourne) 27 November: Ive been 'bashed' as the DIs (drill instructors) call it, on the parade ground, 'ear bashed' by ADI (aerodrome defence instructors) lectures, and have sweated and sometimes trembled over the fearsome obstacles on the Bivouac Assault Course. 2001 S. StrevensThe Things We Do: 'You prick!' While the first written evidence comes from the early 1980s the phrase probably goes back several decades earlier. Bindi-eye is usually considered a weed when found in one's lawn. 1971 J. O'Grady Aussie Etiket: 'You would be the greatest bloody galah this side of the rabbit-proof fence'. 1988 H. Reade Youll Die Laughing: How stiff can you get? 2013 Age (Melbourne) 13 January: When sales assistants ask Are you right?, I have answered: No, I'm left of centre. What's wrong with May I help you? It is a specific use of the standard Englishscreamer meaning an outstanding specimen. Fatty Vautin and Peter Sterling reportedly held angry meetings with their producer declaring they would not speak to Wilson if she was hired. The word quoll derives from Guugu Yimithirr, an Aboriginal language of north-eastern Queensland. 1982 Sunday Telegraph (Sydney) 28 March: So who's the press secretary working out of the NSW Parliament whose press-gallery nickname is Clayton .. because he's the press secretary you're having, when you're not having a press secretary? 1897 Worker (Sydney) 18 September: Reports from the sheds are cheering, both reps. and men being of the sort called true blue. 1770 J. It is first recorded in the 1970s and is derived from spunky full of spirit; brave, plucky, although it may be influenced by spunk semen. Word of the Month article from December 2013, 'There's a Bunyip Close behind us and he's Treading on my Tail'. 1896 Alexandra & Yea Standard 10 January: The guests one and all appeared as happy as Larry, and they sang and danced - and danced and sang - with a vim that did our heart good to look upon. The two words appear in the compoundtrackie daks in 1993 and, whether you love them or deride them as daggy, they are Australias favourite leisure wear. 1949 L. Glassop Lucky Palmer: I get smart alecks like you trying to put one over on me every minute of the day. In a further specialisation in Australian English, the term guernsey has been used since the 1860s to refer to a football jumper, especially as worn by a player of Australian Rules football: 1868Geelong Advertiser 21 September: Ample evidence of a desperate struggle was afforded by the style in which they limped off the ground, some covered with nothing in the shape of a guernsey but rags, and some wanting even these. A meringue dessert with a soft centre, topped with whipped cream and fresh fruit. Any creature that survives in such difficult conditions would have to be tough and fit. First recorded 1915. As with Woop Woop, they allude to remoteness, a lack of sophistication, or both. What do you think this is, bush week?' she yelled at me. 1966 S. Baker, The Australian Language: An earlier underworld and Army use of bodger for something faked, worthless or shoddy. I always had tickets on myself, I just didn't speak about it publicly, she said. Today razor gang is used of any similar committee or organisation that seeks to drastically cut expenditure. The cake is popularly associated with the name of Charles Wallace Baillie, Baron Lamington (1860-1940), Governor of Queensland (1895-1901), and although the dates of the earliest recipes line up with the governership, the attribution does not appear until the 1970s. Motza is recorded from the early 20th century. Extremely unhappy. They are nocturnal and hunt insects, birds and small mammals.
This word is used in various ways in Australian English as it is in other Englishes. This approach is typically reflected in the adoption of privatisation, deregulation, user pays, and low public spending. The good oil means reliable, and therefore welcome, information. Berley is ground-bait scattered by an angler in the water to attract fish to a line or lure. For a discussion of the phrase the big stoush, see our Word of the Month for April 2015. In more recent years the term boganhas become more widely used and is often found in contexts that are neither derogatory or negative. 2010 J. EliasSin Bin:It wouldn't have been too hard to get the good oil from his New South Wales colleagues. Later it is also used to mean a trifling sum of money, as in the phrase not worth a zac. The phrase is recorded from the 1940s. Youve been bringing Johan to Sunday dinner for the last 30 years, do you think I was blind?'. Moz is an abbreviated form of mozzle, which is derived from the Hebrew wordmazzal meaning 'luck'. ; style 'lairy'. HungerfordSowers of Wind:There's a circus down by the dance-hall, a Jap show What about having a geek at that? 1982 N. & R. Phillips Rogaining: Rogaining is the sport of long distance cross-country navigation in which teams of two to five members visit as many checkpoints as possible in an allocated period. Hughie is the rain god, and the appeal send it down Hughie is a request for a heavy fall of rain - the phrase is first recorded in 1912. The word daks began as a proprietary name (trademarked in the 1930s) for a brand of trousers. It is possible that the form Oz was influenced by The Wizard of Oz, a film that gained worldwide popularity following its release in 1939. Look out - female approaching! 2006 Age (Melbourne) 29 August: When I started this .. 1976 Sun-Herald (Sydney) 19 February: Even Federal Liberal MPs from Tasmania feel that their electoral standing is increased by regular outbursts of 'Canberra bashing'. 1971 F. Hardy Outcasts of Foolgarah: Even the most primitive societies protect, succor and shelter the aged, but not so the affluent society with the principle of he that cannot work neither shall he eat (except Silver Tails who wouldn't work in an iron lung). A common sight at barbecues, beaches, parks, and camping grounds in the summer months. Gilgai if recorded from the 1860s. The phrase has now lost all connection with its rhyming slang origin. To get a raw deal, or to receive unfair or inequitable treatment. In traditional Aboriginal culture, ceremony and ritual that is open only to a particular group.
A common suggestion is that brumby derives from the proper name Brumby . The earliest evidence takes the form neenish cake and dates to 1895. Having driven Schoeman and his followers from Pretoria, Kruger invaded Potchefstroom, which, after a skirmish in which three men were killed and seven wounded, ' fell into his hands. Yakka found its way into nineteenth-century Australian pidgin, and then passed into Australian English. Also used as a form of address (gday cobber!). And Freedom's on the wallaby 2009 E. McHugh Birdsville: I'm happy about School of the Air being over Now they're off to school and in a classroom again they can come home to me and I'm just Mum instead of being their cranky teacher. Since the early 1990s there have been attempts to replace the Easter bunny with the Easter bilby. A shark. But this meaning is now obsolete. There are many stories of new arrivals in Australia being bamboozled by the instruction to bring a plate. The term is often associated with the fooling of gullible international tourists, and has accordingly been used this way in television advertisements. Glory box is probably related to British dialect glory hole 'a place for storing odds and ends. Developed to supplement correspondence education, the School of the Air was pioneered in Australia in 1951. Here are a couple of champions who, on several occasions, have carried on like pork chops. For a more detailed discussion of the term see our Word of the Month article from May 2014. (In fact very few even came within cooee of that, mostly tapering off at five or six bucks per four litre 'goon'.). 1896 Bulletin 12 December: I must 'bandicoot' spuds from the cockies - Or go on the track! 1915 Argus (Melbourne) 9 June: Gallipoli Our lads commenced to pinch themselves to make sure they were really under fire. The origin of the term was revived at Flemington in 1977 when a Drongo Handicap was held. 'Bloody Bush Week or something? The literal sense is to lie fully stretched out (like a lizard), and the figurative sense means as fast as possible. 2014 Geelong Advertiser 19 July: This gormless dude started arguing with the checkout chick and held up a line of about 30 people. 'A long lost convict: Australia's "C-word"?'. A reasonable chance, a fair deal: small business didnt get a fair go in the last budget. 'Untamed, not domesticated - that's what it means to us.'. By the 1890s the verbal sense developed another meaning: 'to return in the manner of a boomerang; to recoil (upon the author); to ricochet'. I have never seen anything like it before. It is sometimes shortened, as in were flat out like a lizard trying to meet the deadline. For an earlier discussion of bogey see our Word of the Month article from February 2010. 2014 Advocate (Burnie) 12 August: Our service was restored at about 11.15pm during July 31, so good onya cobbers for a job well done. The term was applied during the First World War to Australian and New Zealand soldiers because so much of their time was spent digging trenches. In Australian English a goog is an egg. Word of the Month article from February 2013. 1978 R. Edwards Aboriginal Art in Australia: The famous X-ray paintings have their home in the west. Gilgai is a word which describes a terrain of low relief on a plain of heavy clay soil, characterised by the presence of hollows, rims, and mounds, as formed by alternating periods of expansion during wet weather and contraction (with deep cracking) during hot, dry weather. The earliest evidence of it dates from the 1840s, and it has generated a number of compound terms such as yabby farming, yabby net, and yabby trap. To become mentally disturbed; to go crazy or wild. It is now used in many contexts - Those firefighterstheir bloods worth bottling!. The origin of the word is unknown, although it is perhaps a corruption of the French coin called a sou. The word battler has been in the English language for a long time. Many descriptions emphasise its threat to humans and its loud booming at night. Hurry up, get a move on. 2013 Canberra Times 7 February: When I was younger and single I would never partake in goodbyes, I would always do a Harold Holt in the middle of night and by-pass the whole awkwardness in the morning. It may possibly be from an Aboriginal language, or it may be an Aboriginal alteration of an English phrase such as jump up. See our blog The convict origins of public servant for a discussion of the term. 1996 H.G. after dropping down on them from trees. The female personal name Kylie may be based on this word. For more on this see the article James Hardy Vaux: Pioneer Australian Lexicographer (page 6) in our Ozwords newsletter from April 2008. Today a woman is likely to take offence if you call her a tart, since the two current meanings for a female tart are both derogatory: 1. a promiscuous woman or prostitute, and 2. an offensive slang term for a girl or woman. First recorded in the 1930s. First recorded in the 1930s. Im not stupid, dont try and put one over me! The word came into Australian English from Noongar, an Aboriginal language spoken over a large extent of south-western Western Australia, including present-day Perth, Albany, and Esperance. Its use often prompts a similar response from a listener, such as but things are dead at Birkenhead.Tallarook is the name of a small town in northern Victoria, and crook is used in the Australian sense bad; inferior; unpleasant; unsatisfactory. 1915 Camperdown Chronicle 2 December: Lord Kitchener told the 'Anzacs' at the Dardanelles how much the King appreciated their splendid services, and added that they had done even better than the King expected. By 1812 public servant was used to refer to any government worker, whether free or convict, and two centuries later it is still the standard Australian term for a public service employee. Australia. The black stump of Australian legend first appears in the late 19th century, and is an imaginary marker at the limits of settlement. 2010 K. McGinnis Wildhorse Creek: The country's rotten with brumbies. In Australia true blue expressed a completely different political ideal; the earliest records of the Australian sense date from the 1890s and mean loyal to workers and union values. We'll give it a burl, eh? They were quite happy with the 'feral' tag. For a further discussion of this term see our Word of the Month article from September 2007. 1934 Canberra Times 27 July: There were many questions on trade and finance matters. The phrase originally implied the notion that people from the country are easily fooled by the more sophisticated city slickers. Chuck a wobbly is first recorded in 1986. https://www.synonyms.com/synonym/face-off. The phrase was first recorded in the 1940s. A catchphrase used to express the great value of a gift, prize, object, etc. i.e. It was on such grotesque shapes that May Gibbs modelled her banksia men in Snugglepot and Cuddlepie of 1918: 'She could see the glistening, wicked eyes of Mrs. Snake and the bushy heads of the bad Banksia men'. Word of the Month article from December 2010. 1985 Courier-Mail (Brisbane) 4 June: Life wasnt meant to be easy for Labor Governments. He never wins. The Australian senses of dag may have also been influenecd by the wordwag (a habitual joker), and other Australian senses of dag referring to sheep (see rattle your dags below). The form brass razoo appears later in 1927. The term was first recorded in 1871 and is now used frequently in surfing and fishing contexts with its abbreviation bommie and bommy being common: 'After a day of oily, overhead bommie waves, we decided to head to the pub (2001 Tracks August). Also from this period oncleanskin was used figuratively of 'a person who has no criminal record; a person new to (a situation or activity) and lacking experience'. Illywhacker was becoming obsolescent in Australian English, but it was given new life when Peter Carey used it as the title of his 1985 novel. The word first appears in 1915. Nelson Petrol, Bait, Ammo and Ice: The offside rule has carked it, and good on the refs. From the 1980s cleanskin was also used of 'a bottle of wine without a label that identifies the maker, sold at a price cheaper than comparable labelled bottles; the wine in such a bottle'. Yowie is first recorded in the 1970s. From 1830s the word bandicoot has been used in various distinctively Australian phrases as an emblem of deprivation or desolation. The name hills hoist is used generically in Australia for any rotary clothes line. In the Sydney Morning Herald,11 February 1955, there occurs an interesting description of the 1950s widgie: Constable Waldon said: 'A widgie, as she is known to me, is generally dressed in a very tight blouse, mostly without sleeves, and generally with a deep, plunging front. These assaults are usually carried out by intoxicated young men in the vicinity of nightclub and hotel venues. Pokies are coin or card-operated. Everything is fine, all is well. A wind blowing inland late in the day is a welcome feature of the climate in Western Australias south-west. In Australia in 1981 razor gang became the popular term to refer to the Committee for Review of Commonwealth Functions, chaired by Treasurer Phillip Lynch, which was charged with cutting government spending. The most elaborate consists of alternate layers of meringue, marshmallow, whipped cream and fruit filling, piled high to make the most luxurious party dish. A resident of Queensland; a person born in Queensland. Variants include verandah over the tool shed. 2011 Hawkesbury Gazette (Windsor) 30 March: I was full as a goog after my main and would have exploded if I'd attempted a dessert. 21 Jul 2022. 1996 B. Simpson Packhorse Drover: I remember clearly the sad procession of down-at-heel swagmen, many of them returned soldiers, who called at our place in the hope of getting a job or a handout. 2003 Sydney Morning Herald 29 July: Our own wine writer, Huon Hooke, doesn't know the wine but suspects it comes from a region between Bandywallop and the Black Stump. It came to France when the sandgropers gave up digging on the goldfields of W.A. 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It is often said that Australians have a tendency to cut tall poppies down to size by denigrating them. From the late 1990s onwards smick is modified to schmickon the model of various Yiddish words borrowed into English. It is now used elsewhere, but it is recorded earliest in Australia, and its use is chiefly Australian. 2014 Courier-Mail (Brisbane) 26 January: There is no trace of a fair go in a king hit or coward punch, as it should be known. 2001 B. Courtenay: We'd heard Nancy say he'd come back like a drover's dog all prick and ribs. 2014 Herald Sun (Melbourne) 30 March: Six minutes in he threw himself onto a pack in the goalsquare and took a screamer. 1986 Sydney Morning Herald 1 February: Even though I was a nurse before I became an ambo, at first I thought, can I handle this? With that hideous malformation, called a swag, upon your back. 2013 Northern Star (Lismore) 16 July: A visit in from our Tasmanian friends. The phrase (first recorded in 1943) probably derives from the fact that two trams typically left the city for Bondi together, the first an express tram which would shoot through from Darlinghurst to Bondi Junction. For a further discussion of jumbuck, including its possible origin in Malay, see a previous 'Mailbag' article in our newsletter Ozwords. 2006 A. Hyland Diamond Dove: The feller in the dock was some fabulous creature - part lawyer, part farmer - who'd been caught in a bottom-of-the-harbour tax avoidance scheme. It is now a generic term for this type of boot in Australia. To engage in discussion or argument; debate. In later use, such a collection of possessions carried by a worker on a rural station, a camper, or a traveller to the city from a country area; a bed-roll. Ultimately all these senses of dag are probably derived from the British dialect (especially in children's speech) sense of dag meaning a 'feat of skill', 'a daring feat among boys', and the phrase to have a dag at meaning 'to have a shot at'. For more information about dinkum oil and other words from the Gallipoli campaign, see our blogAnzac: Words from Gallipoli. Ned Kelly and Australian English' in our newsletter Ozwords. Reliable; genuine; honest; true. Wine, or fortified wine, of poor quality; more generally, wine or alcohol of any kind. It was this wallaby, mistaken by Dutch visitor Vlaming for a large rodent, which led to the islands name, Rottnest or Rats Nest. 2014 Sydney Morning Herald 14 July: What you write about your life in your autobiography is a little like what you say when under oath. The phrase is first recorded in the 1940s. In Australia daks became used as a generic term for trousers from the 1960s. In the 1960s they were replaced by new subcultures such as the sharpies, rockers, mods, and surfies. This meaning of poppy is likely to refer to the Roman historian Livys account of Tarquinius Superbus, who silently showed how to deal with potential enemies by striking off the heads of the tallest poppies in his garden with a stick. This is an Australian alteration of the standard English phrase give it a whirl. 2005 Cairns Post 18 August: As a local in my 60s, managing on a pension, last year I set off on my life's dream of going 'on the wallaby' around Australia. The first skirmish of the inevitable war was fought at Lexington in 1775. He was as flash as a rat with a gold tooth. The term raw prawn, recorded from 1940, is based on this. It is clear that the term pavlova is first recorded in New Zealand in 1927, but in this instance it refers to a moulded, multi-layered jelly dessert. The term was then applied to any homemade go-cart. The first record of Oz meaning Australia appears not long after this in 1944, in the context of a wartime troop newsletter: 1944 Barging About: Organ of the 43rd Australian Landing Craft Co. 1 September: All the tribes of Oz did gather together. Ice the tarts carefully, having the top of each half dark, and the other half light, the division being exactly in the centre. To display or boast of one's wealth; to exaggerate one's own importance, achievements, etc. Very angry; crazy; eccentric. There are suggestions that the term drop bear emerged in the Second World War period (see 1982 quotation below) but the first record is from the 1980s. J. Duffy, Outside Pub (1963). An iceblock. 'All I can say is I like chips', Mr Palmer demurred. ', Two bob each way: money in Australian English, Launch of Writing Slavery into Biography: Australian Legacies of British Slavery. Otherwise the word will spread that you are a "bludger", and there is no worse thing to be'. 1918 Gippsland Times (Sale) 20 May: I have never left my unit since I joined, only a ten days' Blighty leave. A fool or simpleton; a stupid person; an uncouth person. And further: `I told him I would not mind taking on a tart myself - an extra good battler preferred'. 1832 Colonial Times (Hobart) 25 April: Mr Henry Melville certainly cannot boast of being in receipt of a handsome salary, as a public servant. A man's large protruding belly; a beer gut. Despite the uncertainty of its spelling, lairy nonetheless quickly became a standard term in Australian English, and, from the early twentieth century, writers felt able to use it without the need for quotation marks. A sudden, damaging blow; a knock-out punch; an unfair punch. The term is usually used attributively. 2014 Sydney Morning Herald 25 November: We have chooks at our farm in Bena, an hour and a half out of town. For a detailed discussion of this phrase see our blog 'Doing a Bradbury: an Aussie term born in the Winter Olympics' (which includes a video of Bradbury's famous win), and our Word of the Month article from August 2008.
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